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Facial feminization surgery, or FFS, involves a series of surgeries that visually transform male facial features into female facial features. Facial features, expressions, and facial expressions significantly affect communication between people. It will dramatically affect the formation of an opinion about the other person and the approach.
If you want to significantly and permanently change the profile and shape of the face, you must undergo a series of surgeries. Women with certain male facial features or people who have undergone gender reassignment (transgender) may prefer these surgical procedures (such as chin, nose reduction, and lower jaw angle adjustment). For transgender, these feminization operations are essential for psychological adjustment, adjustment to the female gender, and integration into society. Facial feminization surgery consists of these operations and is integral to transgender treatment.
We proceed strictly individually in facial feminization surgery in Turkey. Each face is unique. Certain types of procedures are suitable for each patient. In addition, the scope of these processes varies completely from person to person.
During the consultation, our surgeons listen to your wishes and fulfill your requirements for a face change. Together with our experts, you determine the most appropriate plan for facial feminization procedures. The methods, techniques, and technologies preferred by our surgeons in these procedures are of the highest level and are well-developed today. These unique methods are highly reliable and will have an aesthetic effect.
Subsequent overviews of procedures are indicative only. Our surgeons will prepare a unique treatment plan for you, depending on the type and scope of your procedure, wishes, and condition. Our doctors will also inform you about the pre-operative preparation, necessary examinations, the post-operative process, and possible risks and complications during recovery.
What is Facial Feminization Surgery (FFS)?
Facial feminization surgery, or FFS, is an effective procedure that involves aesthetically changing and enhancing your facial features. This treatment aims to soften your masculine features until you’re widely accepted as feminine. Trans individuals, in general, frequently prefer facial feminization surgery in Turkey. In some cases, cisgender women also opt for these procedures.
FFS customize for each person; it can cover all areas of the face and neck. In the facial feminization surgery procedure, our specialists primarily focus on the bone structure and shape of the nose. In addition, surgeons may prefer soft tissue studies such as face and neck lifts.
Before the procedure, our surgeons may ask patients to stop using hormone replacement therapy 2 weeks before surgery and stay off for 2 weeks after surgery before starting again. Be sure to notify surgeons of any other medications you take regularly. For the procedure, surgeons will let you know if you need to stop taking the drugs. However, never stop taking the medication without your doctor’s approval. Your surgeon may have additional requirements unrelated to your procedure. For example, you must not eat or drink for a while for general anesthesia.
Like any procedure, these surgical procedures have risks, albeit minimal, of course. For example, although very rarely, damage to the nerves in the jaw can occur. This condition can cause permanent loss of sensation or function of the face and tongue. During scalp cuts, nerves damage. But most of the time, as you heal, you regain most or all of the sensations in your scalp.
Finally, your recovery time after facial feminization surgery varies according to the procedures preferred by the surgeons. After the process, you will likely need a few weeks to return to your social life full-time. You should avoid returning to work or lifting heavy objects for 6 weeks at this stage.
Who are the Ideal Candidates for Facial Feminization Surgery?
Ideal candidates for facial feminization surgery in Turkey are transgender or non-binary people who think that the shape and features of their faces don’t match their gender identity. Such persons may try to change their facial features to align with societal expectations of femininity. Candidates must clearly understand the procedure, its limitations, and realistic expectations for results. Before surgery, you must generally be physically and emotionally healthy.
Additionally, we recommend that individuals seeking facial feminization surgery undergo a thorough consultation with our qualified surgeon to discuss their goals and expectations and the potential risks and benefits of the procedure. Our surgeons will evaluate your facial structure and medical history to determine whether you are a good candidate for surgery, your individual needs, and which specific procedures best suit your desired results.
What Happens at the Facial Feminization Surgery Consultation?
During the facial feminization surgery consultation in Turkey, our surgeons will examine your face in detail, considering your surgical goals and expectations. Our specialists will also review your medical history, including previous surgeries, medical conditions, and current medications.
At this stage, our surgeons will present you with various surgical options, including specific procedures that best achieve the desired results. So you can refer to the procedures or methods you want.
Our experts will also explain the entire surgical process, including pre-operative preparation, the surgical techniques they will use, and the recovery process. You also need to be aware of the potential risks and complications. Our surgeons will already discuss all the potential risks and complications of the surgery, including anesthesia and post-operative care. Of course, you can also browse photos before and after facial feminization surgery in Turkey. So you have an idea about the procedures.
The consultation is an excellent opportunity to ask our surgeons questions and raise and clarify your concerns. It is also an essential step in your decision-making process. The talk helps you be fully informed about the procedure and prepare accordingly.
What are the Facial Feminization Surgery Risks?
Facial feminization surgery, like any surgical procedure, carries certain risks, albeit minimal. Check out the risks of facial feminization surgery in Turkey in general:
- Anesthesia risks: Anesthesia can cause complications such as allergic reactions, breathing difficulties, and even death.
- Bleeding and infection: Bleeding and infection may occur during and after the surgery, prolonging healing and increasing the risk of scarring.
- Nerve damage: There is a risk of temporary or permanent nerve damage that can cause facial numbness, tingling, or muscle weakness.
- Scarring: The incisions used during facial feminization surgery can cause a noticeable scar that can be visible and unsightly.
- Unsatisfactory results: In some cases, surgical outcomes may not meet the patient’s expectations or look unnatural.
- Revision surgery: In some cases, additional revision surgery may require to achieve the desired results.
- Emotional distress: Facial feminization surgery can be a significant emotional and financial investment, and patients dissatisfied with the results may experience emotional distress.
Patients must understand these risks fully and discuss them with their surgeon before surgery. The surgeon will also provide pre-operative instructions to minimize risks and optimize the chances of a successful outcome. It would be best if you kept in mind that although this necessary surgery can significantly improve the appearance of the face, it may not altogether remove all facial masculinities. Patients should have realistic expectations and understand that the procedure isn’t a cure for gender dysphoria.
It is essential to follow the post-operative instructions given by your surgeons, including restrictions on physical activity and exposure to the sun or other environmental factors. Proper wound care and regular follow-up appointments with the surgeon are essential to achieve the best possible outcome.
How to Prepare for Facial Feminization Surgery Procedure?
The facial feminization surgery preparation process has a direct impact on the results of the procedure. Our specialists prefer general anesthesia for your comfort and the success of the operations. Before surgery under general anesthesia, specialists will perform a complete pre-operative examination. A prerequisite for these interventions is excellent and stable public health. In addition, there should be no acute or inflammatory disease (such as a virus or inflammatory disease of the scalp). Drugs that increase bleeding (such as aspirin) should also be discontinued 3 weeks before the operation. It is also not appropriate to use supportive enzyme preparations before the surgery.
Before the feminization operation, X-rays of your facial bones should be taken depending on the procedures planned by our specialists. Experts will accurately assess the shape and size of your chin, including evaluating your chin based on the images. The examination will also reveal inflammation, which can increase the risk of infection, for example, in the tooth area or the secondary nasal cavities (air cavities within the skull).
At the same time, an X-ray examination will allow us to determine the extent of performance in the frontal bone area. In some cases, a CT scan is also appropriate. In addition to these examinations, a standard pre-operative laboratory examination and internist or general practitioner examination require.
What is the Procedure for Facial Feminization Surgery?
Check out the most popular procedures surgeons may opt for facial feminization surgery:
Forehead modeling has an important place in the framework of facial feminization operations. In men, the forehead gradually retracts. There are giant supraorbital arches, and the glabella area is significantly prominent. The glabella is a region in the middle of the forehead, above the root of the nose, formed by a thin bony plate that arches over the anterior cavity.
In women, the forehead is much steeper. Another difference is in the transition point between the forehead and nose. In men, this angle is sharper, and a deeper hollow form here. For women, the field of this transition is fluid.
Eyebrow Lift (Endoscopic)
In men, the brows are straight and closer to the eye socket. In women, the brows are more arched and above the eye socket. Our specialists perform this feminization operation under general anesthesia. Our surgeons use an advanced endoscope for this procedure. The procedure will be very comfortable with an endoscopic brow lift. Specialists make the incision at the border of the hairline, towards the outside of the hairline. In cases where it isn’t necessary to move the hairline, experts can place the entire cut on the hair.
After exposing the frontal bone, surgeons adjust the anterior wall of the frontal cavity and the supraorbital arches as desired. In most cases, it is necessary to move it back to loosen the anterior wall of the forehead cavity, straighten the middle part of the forehead and optically change the angle of the forehead. The brow bones are round and smooth. Experts perform brow lifts by pulling the forehead skin if necessary.
The hairline is higher in males and gradually forms typical corners. In women, this line is in the form of a belt. Surgeons make a surgical incision at the hairline border to shape the hairline. Then, the specialists loosen the scalp as necessary, move the hairline forward, and after taking the measurements, they take a part of the forehead and sew the skin together with the inner sutures. Surgeons can often perform this procedure at the same time as forehead modeling.
After these feminization operations, specialists wear a compression bandage. After the surgery, your eyelids will swell, and this swelling will go away in a few days. The scar is thin at the border of the hairline or inside the hair, depending on the type of operation. The sensitivity of the skin in the hair returns within a few weeks.
Rhinoplasty for Facial Feminization
In males, the nose is usually more extensive and more massive. In addition, they are longer and upright, and the angle between the nose and lip is smaller than in women. The nasal skin in men is also thicker. Also, certain deviations in nose shape tend to be more common here. For example, rhinoplasty solves problems such as a prominent nose hump, a broad nose tip, and the nose slipping to the side.
Our experts apply this procedure to reduce the width and shape of your nose. Treatment will involve chipping or reshaping the nasal bones and the nasal cartilage. The rhinoplasty procedure makes your nose tip and bridge aesthetically pleasing and delicate.
Shortening of the Upper Lip and Lip Augmentation
The upper lip is longer in males (the distance between the lower edge of the nose and the lip is more significant). Fuller lips and exposed edges of the upper anterior teeth are typical for women, especially of a young age.
Specialists operate under general anesthesia at the same time as other procedures. If the upper lip is longer, specialists make the lips much more aesthetic with a small incision in the area under the nose. If the upper lip needs to enlarge further, or only the redness of the upper or lower lip needs to increase, surgeons can achieve this by pushing the mucous membrane outward from the inside of the lip without leaving a visible scar.
In males, the chin is wider and angular. In women, the chin is smaller and rounder. In general, there can be significant differences in the shape and size of the chin in both men and women. You can often encounter a retracted chin. Some other deviations, such as chin asymmetry, are less standard. Our specialists may prefer chin surgery, such as chin augmentation, at this stage.
Tracheal Shaving (Adam’s Apple)
An essential moment in feminization operations is modifying the protruding part of the thyroid cartilage, which we call Adam’s apple. We typically see this protrusion in men. Therefore, the tracheal shaving procedure is an essential step in feminization surgery.
Specialists operate under general anesthesia along with other procedures. Our specialists will gradually remove the protruding part of the thyroid cartilage from the cross-section in the neck crease. The resulting scar is minimal and often unnoticed from the outside.
How is the Recovery After Facial Feminization Surgery?
The recovery process after facial feminization surgery in Turkey varies according to the size of the procedure and your general health status. Take a look at the recovery process after facial feminization surgery in general:
- Pain and swelling: Some pain, swelling, and discomfort are normal after facial feminization surgery and can usually be relieved with pain medication.
- Bandages and dressings: To protect cuts and speed healing, specialists may cover the face with bandages or dressings.
- Rest and relaxation: After the surgery, you will need to rest for a few weeks and avoid strenuous activities such as exercise and heavy lifting. You can also schedule follow-up appointments with our surgeons to monitor your progress and address your concerns.
- Physical activity restrictions: You will need to avoid certain activities, such as bending over or touching the face, for a few weeks after the procedures.
- Returning to normal activities: The time it takes to resume your normal activities and work will vary depending on the extent of the procedure and the individual recovery process.
The healing process can take several weeks, and you must follow the post-operative instructions provided by our surgeons to ensure the best possible outcome. In addition, you should be prepared for the possibility of facial sensation changes and scarring, although they are usually temporary. During the recovery time, avoiding exposing your face to direct sunlight is essential, as this can increase the risk of scarring and pigment changes. Wearing a wide-brimmed hat and applying sunscreen can help protect the skin and promote healing.
You may experience changes in facial appearance, including changes in the contour and shape of your face and skin sensation. These changes are usually temporary and will resolve over time. To support healing and optimize the procedure’s outcome, you must maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise during recovery.
When Will You See the Facial Feminization Surgery Results?
The results of facial feminization surgery in Turkey will not see immediately because it can take days or weeks for swelling and bruising to subside. As the tissues continue to heal and settle into their new positions, it may take several months for the final results to appear.
During the first few weeks after surgery, you will typically experience some swelling, bruising, and discomfort that you can treat with pain medication and other measures recommended by our surgeons. As your swelling decreases, your facial features will become more prominent, and you will be able to see the procedure results.
It is important to remember that as the tissues continue to heal and adapt, it may take several months for the final results of facial feminization surgery to become fully evident. During this process, you should be patient, have realistic expectations, and discuss your concerns with your surgeons at follow-up appointments. Overall, the results of feminization surgery are life-changing for many, giving them a more feminine appearance that is compatible with their gender identity.
How Much Does a Facial Feminization Surgery Cost?
Facial feminization surgery cost in Turkey can vary greatly depending on several factors, such as the extent of the procedure, location, surgeon’s experience, and qualifications.
It is also essential to consider the cost of pre-and post-operative care, including surgeon consultations, anesthesia, and any additional procedures or treatments you may require. However, don’t forget that the price of facial feminization surgery in Turkey is almost five times lower than in Europe and other countries.
Our surgeons have extensive experience in facial feminization surgery and highly train in the latest techniques and technologies. We take a personalized approach to facial feminization surgery in Turkey, working closely with each patient to understand their unique goals and needs. Patient safety is our priority, and we use the latest safety protocols and technologies to ensure the best possible outcome. Choose us for a safe, practical, personalized feminization surgery experience to help you achieve your desired look.
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